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STP and the Corporate Treasury Straight-through processing (STP) has in the past been seen as technology that could only be afforded by banks, by other large financial institutions, and by the most complex corporate treasuries. However, corporate treasury management systems have now been evolved to the extent that they can deliver automated, cost-effective treasury process management, which allow workflows to be automatically managed and monitored.

This article analyses, with practical examples, some of the key elements in the evaluation of potential STP benefits. The technical issues regarding STP, particularly the treasury management system it is delivered through, are also explained in detail and with clear examples.

STP and the Corporate Treasury

by Patrick Coleman, Sales Director, IT2 Treasury Solutions Limited

STP – straight-through processing - has in the past been seen as technology that could only be afforded by banks, by other large financial institutions, and by the most complex corporate treasuries. Corporate treasury management systems have now evolved to the extent that they can deliver automated, cost-effective treasury process management, which allow workflows to be automatically managed and monitored. STP implementation is, therefore, now within the reasonable technology budget range for large and most medium-sized corporate treasuries.  

There are numerous definitions of STP that relate to a range of commercial and technical environments. For the purposes of this article, STP is defined as ‘the facility to process a treasury transaction from start to finish with minimal human intervention.’ Such a high level of automation is attractive to all treasurers who struggle with their supporting technology to process the day’s business with minimal errors. Processes which are exclusively or largely manual are prone to encounter control, reliability and accuracy issues, such as the missing of critical payment deadlines, and difficulties with the preparation of the essential operational and management reporting.  Such inefficiencies often lead to real financial loss, for example through interest costs incurred through failure to make timely payments. The key questions relating to evaluating STP focus on understanding the benefits that can be achieved in a specific corporate treasury environment, and quantifying their value in the course of a cost justification exercise for securing the necessary investment budget.  

This article analyses, with practical examples, some of the key elements in the evaluation of potential STP benefits. It relates to a wider audience than the treasurers of large and medium-sized enterprises that manage a significant volume of transactions and level of financial risk in-house: it is also applicable to organizations who are evaluating outsourcing service providers, as the quality of the technology being used in such organizations has a direct impact on the quality of service that can be delivered to their clients. 

Liberating the treasury team

From a corporate treasurer’s viewpoint, the underlying value of STP can best be understood in the context of their ability to respond positively to the most demanding questions that may be posed by CFOs, auditors and other inquisitors, such as:

  • What is the net cash position of the enterprise?  
  • What is the cash outlook for the next three months?  
  • What is our total net exposure to XYZ bank?  
  • What would be the bottom-line consequences of a 10% fall (or rise) in the ZAR/USD rate?  
  • What would be the impact of a 50 basis point hike in US$ 6 month LIBOR?  
  • What would be the profit/loss if we were to liquidate our investment portfolio today?  
  • Do we have the facility headroom to borrow ZAR 100m? And what would be the cost of doing this?  
  • Is our treasury technology sufficiently robust and transparent to manage our level of financial and operational risk?  

All treasurers will agree that the ideal response to all of these questions is instantaneous, via a screen display of the appropriate information that has been updated automatically in real time. The next best response is to run a report that provides the required information in a matter of a few seconds.In both cases, the speed and dependable accuracy of the results are equally important in order to respond immediately – and this response may make the difference in avoiding or minimizing a significant financial loss. Only a secure STP solution can deliver the best practice results that are demanded in today’s financial environment. Only in an STP environment can the treasury professionals focus entirely on their cash, treasury and risk management activities without having even to think about obtaining the relevant data, confirming its accuracy, and adding it to a report. In an STP environment,  treasurers need not even be consciously aware of how their supporting technology is operating, but will in practice be able to make their decisions and report to management in full confidence of the quality of their actions. 

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